The Italian-born Gabriele Adinolfi (*1954) was a founding member of far-right group Terza Posizione (Third Position) in the 1970s in Italy. When an arrest warrant against him was issued suspecting him of having partaken in the Bologna massacre in Italy in 1980, Adinolfi fled to France, where he is still involved in several extra-parliamentary far-right associations, most notable the fascist Lansquenets group, and the far-right think tank EurHope1.
He began to engage in politics in 1968, attending for a short period the "Filippo Anfuso" section of the Italian Social Movement (MSI) in his area of Rome in via Livorno (Piazza Bologna). In 1976, Adinolfi had founded Lotta Studentesca in the bookshop of Walter Spedicato together with Giuseppe Dimitri and Roberto Fiore.2 In 1977 Lotta Studentesca became Terza Posizione.
After the Bologna massacre in Italy in 1980, an arrest warrant was out against Adinolfi, who fled to France, but returned to Italy in 1982, where he would live for almost 20 years in the underground. Up from 1982 he published the magazine Terza Posizione. From 1982 to 1995 he ran the Centro Studi Orientamenti & Ricerca together with Walter Spedicato, whom he knew from his time in Rome. After Spedicato’s death in 1992, the Centro Studi Orientamenti & Ricerca kept on for three more years before ceasing its activities. What else Adinolfi was involved in throughout the 1990s remains still obscure.
In March 2000 the arrest warrant against Adinolfi was finally dropped or lapsed. The same year he published Le api ei fiori (edition 451) (“The Bees and the Flowers”) and Noi Terza Posizione (Our Third Position), written together with Roberto Fiore and published by the series Sangue e Inchiostro (Blood and Ink). Between 2000 and 2001 Adinolfi presented his book Noi Terza Posizione around Italy. Meanwhile, he started to write articles for Rinascita e Contropotere. During a summer university seminar in 2001 in Lombardy the magazine Orion was conceptualised, and an editorial office was set up. During that time Adinolfi mentions “voluntary commitment […] in support of tortured Argentina.”3 Adinolfi published also several articles in the Giornale d'Italia, for which he reported on the French presidential elections. Some of these pieces were republished by the French magazine Rivarol. During a summer university seminar 2002 in Rieti he lectured on the “New world order between imperialism and the Empire”, outlining a “new form of metapolitical expression”, which he elaborated in the 2001 publication Lama Editoriale XXIII Marzo. Around that time Adinolfi started also to contribute to the magazine L’antagonista. Since 2003, Adinolfi appeared frequently as a speaker on far-right events covering topics such as “globalization and world power, the possibility of European rebirth, US imperialism, future scenarios.”3
In early 2003, he traveled throughout Italy, having "a public meeting every four days." It was around that time CasaPound was founded, in which he certainly had an eminent role, although he publicly purports he has been merely a patron close to the movement. Adinolfi seems to keep track of most of his moves up from 2003 on his Italian website.4
From 2003 onward, Adinolfi has been also part of the “Honor Guard of Benito Mussolini” (Guardia d'Onore Benito Mussolini). He had worked at the latter’s crypt from 2003 to 2007. Since 2004, he has been managing the daily news website www.noreporter.org.
Around 2004,5 he founded the Centro Studi Polaris,5 which remained active until around 2016. The Centro Polaris had organized several national and international conferences and meetings, and has a long list of publications “including a DVDs series, three books (Geopolitics of drugs and oil, Immigration and Earthquakes), multi-level communication courses, cadres courses and a quarterly magazine.”3
Next to Noi Terza Poizione in 2000, Adinolfi wrote several books on politics, including Nuovo Ordine Mondiale tra imperialismo e Impero (2002), Nos belles années de plomb released 2005 in France, Quel domani che ci appartenne, published in 2006 by Barbarossa in Italy, followed by Tortuga, l'isola che (non) c'è, also published by Barbarossa in 2008, and appearing in French under the title Pensées Corsaires.
In 2019, Adinolfi authored a book on Matteo Salvini in French, Matteo Salvini ou l’itinéraire d’un parcours politique météorique, published by Roland Hélie's, Synthèse nationale.6
Around 2016, Adinolfi was behind the foundation of two new projects, the far-right think tank EurHope7 and the Lansquenets group. The think tank EurHope is supported by the Alliance of European National Movements (AENM), an ultranationalist far-right European party founded in 2009, which until 2011 included Front National.8
Judging from his manifold appearances on the web, Adinolfi appears as one of the most notorious Third Way ideologues in Europe, frequently traveling to far-right conferences and meetings.9 There are many open questions in regards to what his exact role was in the Bologna massacre, how he could live for so long in the underground without ever being caught, and finally, where he got all the money from for the frequent traveling and his publications, which can hardly be that profitable.
Adinolfi's view on Ukrainian nationalism
Adinolfi has been outspoken in his support of the Ukrainian nationalist cause. Although having not appeared on Ukrainian far-right platforms, close colleagues from France and Italy have, among them Pascal Lassalle and Alberto Palladino, who both appeared in the context of the neo-Nazi Third Positionist Paneuropa Conference in Kyiv. Lassalle also oversaw the translation of Adinolfi’s books Noi Terza Posizione and Tortuga, l’isola che (non) c’è.
The Lansquenets were founded sometime around 2016. Gabriele Adinolfi became their main face. Not set out as a mass movement it rather tries to recruit a fascist elite all over Europe. From amongst the French far-right supporters of the Ukrainian nationalists, Pascal Lassalle has been involved in the group.
- 1. https://www.eurhopethinktank.eu/
- 2. "Note Biografiche," Gabriele Adinolfi, http://www.gabrieleadinolfi.it/biograf.html.
- 3. a. b. c. http://gabrieleadinolfi.eu/gabriele-adinolfi.html.
- 4. "Agenda," http://www.gabrieleadinolfi.it/agenda.html.
- 5. a. b. https://web.archive.org/web/20160304122051/http://www.centrostudipolaris.org/.
- 6. Gabriele Adinolfi, Matteo Salvini ou l’itinéraire d’un parcours politique météorique, Bouquins de Synthèse, 10 March 2019, ISBN: 9782367980515.
- 7. https://www.eurhopethinktank.eu.
- 8. At the end of 2011 FN withdrew from AENM and joined the European Alliance for Freedom (EAF). However, Bruno Gollnisch and Jean-Marie Le Pen maintained their position in the party. In 2013, Marine Le Pen requested that Gollnisch and JMLP leave their positions in the AENM and join the more moderate EAF, in order to unify FN under the EAF banner. MLP has tried to give FN a more acceptable image. Cooperation with the openly racist and antisemitic parties in AENM was therefor ceased. In Nov 2013, both Gollnisch and JMLP left the AENM for that reason. Interestingly in 2014, Svoboda announced its withdrawal from AENM citing several members of the alliance making "statements supporting the Russian sponsored separatist forces and support for the Russian Armed Forces occupation of Ukrainian territory”; “Oleh Tiahnybok withdraws Svoboda's membership within the Alliance of European National Movements.” https://web.archive.org/web/20180620024250/en.svoboda.org.ua/news/events/00010596/.
- 9. https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=gabriele+adinolfi&sp=CAI%253D.