By admin
on February 4, 2019 // Last updated: April 25, 2020

Claudio Mutti

Claudio Mutti, known also under his assumed Muslim name Omar Amine, is an Italian fascist writer born in 1946 in Parma.1 He had been involved in several far-right organizations brought in connection with terrorist attacks in Italy in the 1970s and 80s, amongst them Ordine Nuovo.

For more than thirty years Mutti taught ancient Greek and Latin at the classical high school in his hometown.1 Since the 1990s he appears in the neo-Eurasianist orbit around the fascist Russian ideologue Alexander Dugin.

Biography

Already in the age of fourteen Mutti turned to political activism by first joining the MSI youth organization, Giovane Italia, of which he subsequently was expelled because of his extremist ideas.1

He then became one of the first activists of the Italian branch of Jeune Europe, an organisation led by the Belgian Jean-François Thiriart, a character who had worked with the collaborationist association Les Amis du Grand Reich allemand (Friends of the Great German Empire) during the Second World War. Mutti, who met Thiriart in Parma in 1964, became editor-in-chief of La Nazione Europea, the monthly magazine of the Italian branch of Jeune Europe, from 1966 to 1970. In that period, Thiriart was embracing an European National Communism, combining ideas of European nationalism and revolutionary nationalism, and tried to find support in Ceausescu's Romania and Maoist China, going so far as to meet Chou Enlaï in Bucharest in 1966.1 Mutti, accordinly, came to define himself a "Nazi-Maoist."2

After a crisis within Jeune Europe, Claudio Mutti joined the organisation Lotta di Popolo in 1969 and in the early 1970s founded Amitiés italo-libyennes (Italian-Libyan Friendships) with Claudio Orsi, the nephew of the former fascist governor of Libya, Italo Balbo.1 At the time, he published two books, La Rivoluzione Culturale Libica and Gheddafi Templare di Allah, the first describing Muammar Gaddafi's raise to power and the reforms undertaken under his leadership, the second is collection of speeches by Gaddafi, presented as being the "Templar of Allah."1

Ordine Nero Logo

In June 1974, Mutti was arrested and accused of being involved in the Ordine Nero (successor of the Ordine Novo), an underground neo-fascist organization. Between 1974 and 1978, bombings by the Ordine Nero led to a number of wounded and one death, and in 1976 the group assassinated Assistant State Attorney Vittorio Occorsio, prosecutor during the trial to dissolve the Ordine Nuovo, initiated in 1973.3

According to one of the bombers, Vincenzo Vinciguerra, the Italian security services and the "Atlantic Alliance", particularly the United States, had a role in the group's activities.4

At the time of his arrest, Mutti was in possession of a membership card of the Socialist Party, the Potere Operaio group, and the CGIL trade union (the Italian CGT).5 After five months in prison, he was cleared of all charges and released, but remaining accused of having helped Franco Freda, charged of bombings.1

Associated with the Italian extreme right-wing movement, he translated and published in 1976 a reissue, commented by himself, of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, in which he incorporated texts by Julius Evola on the "Jewish question" and the "occult war."6

On 26 August 1980, the Bologna prosecutor issued arrest warrants against 28 extreme right-wing militants of the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (Revolutionary Armed Nuclei), including Claudio Mutti7 who, suspected of having participated in the attack on Bologna station, was imprisoned.89 All were released from prison in 1981.7

Claudio Mutti on Elementi's editorial board

In 1985, he converted to Islam and assumed the name of Omar Amine, in honour of Colonel Johann von Leers, (1902-1965) the SS officer who had served as political advisor to the Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser, who also had changed his name changed to Omar Amin at the time.1 According to Alexandre del Valle, Claudio Mutti is a member of the ultra-radical Al-Mourabitoun group (Independent Nasserite Movement).10

In the 1990s Mutti had contacts to the fascist neo-Eurasanist Alexander Dugin, as evident by a picture showing them together in 1990.11 He appeared also on the editorial board of Dugin’s Elementi with far-right ideologues Alain de Benoist and Robert Steuckers in 1991.

In 2004, he became an editor of the geopolitical journal Eurasia, Rivista di Studi Geopolitici12, and has been its director and publisher since 2011.

Claudio Mutti and Alexander Dugin (1990)

That he belongs to the "Russophile" camp of the international far-right is also shown by his contributions to the neo-Eurasianist think tank Katehon, financed by Russian oligarch Konstantin Malofeev, dealing mostly with topics surrounding Islam.13

2012

In 2012, Mutti appears on the anti-Semitic New Horizons conference in Teheran, Iran. A now defunct SPCL articles recounts the following participants: "Hands Off Syria Coalition steering committee member Issa Chaer," Voltaire Network founder Thierry Meyssan, "World Workers Party member Caleb Maupin, Alt Right journalist Tim Pool, Holocaust denier Kevin Barrett, and Duginists like Voltaire Network associate Mateusz Piskorski, German editor Manuel Ochsenreiter, Leonid Savin, and Claudio Mutti the leading fascist infiltrator of the Campo Antimperialista."14

2014

In 2014, Mutti appeared with the German far-right editor Manuel Ochsenreiter during the New Horizon conference in Teheran, Iran.15

Ideology

Claudio Mutti has been writing on a variety of topics such as esotericism, symbolism and religion. He has published various studies on writers celebrated in the far right, such as Mircea Eliade, Emil Cioran, Friedrich Nietzsche, René Guénon or Julius Evola. As the author of an introduction to the work of the German sociologist Werner Sombart, he also became interested in the aesthetics of Nazism and its influence. He has also busied himself for many years with Finno-Ugric philology, having authored about thirty articles and essays on Magyar folklore and Hungarian literature.

He is the founder of All'Insegna del Veltro Publishing, which has published works on symbolism, tradition, golden age myths, paganism and Islam, as well as Nazi and fascist authors, including Horia Sima, Corneliu Codreanu, Robert Brasillach, and negationist texts.16

He also contributes to the journal Jihad and translates texts about Islam.

Bibliography

  • Ebraicità ed ebraismo, Edizioni di Ar, 1976, 218 p.
  • Pittura e alchimia: il linguaggio ermetico del Parmigianino, All'insegna del Veltro, 1978, 50 p.
  • Simbolismo e arte sacra : il linguaggio segreto dell'Antelami, Edizioni All'insegna del Veltro, 1978, 67 p.
  • Il nazismo e l'islam, Barbarossa, 1986, 19 p.
  • Mircea Eliade e la Guardia di Ferro, Roma, All'insegna del Veltro, 1989.

French translations

  • Le symbolisme dans la fable. Les racines métahistoriques des contes de fées, Paris, Guy Trédaniel, 1979.
  • Symbolisme et art sacré en Italie. Du Baptistère de Parme aux peintres hermétistes de la Renaissance, Milan, Arché, 1980.
  • Introduction à l'œuvre de Werner Sombart, Chalon-sur-Saône, Hérode, 1993, 47 p. (traduit par Philippe Baillet)
  • Les plumes de l'Archange. Quatre intellectuels roumains face à la Garde de fer : Nae Ionescu, Mircea Eliade, Emil Cioran, Constantin Noica, Chalon-sur-Saône, Hérode, 1993, 143 p. (traduit par Philippe Baillet)
  • Nietzsche et l'Islam, Chalon-sur-Saône, Hérode, 1994, 47 p. (traduit par Philippe Baillet, préf. Christophe Levalois)
  • Art totalitaire, art national-socialiste, Nantes, Ars Magna, 1998, 20 p.
  • La Grande Influence de René Guénon en Roumanie, suivi de Julius Evola en Europe de l'Est, Akribeia, Saint-Genis-Laval, 2002.
  • Julius Evola et l'Islam, Nantes, Ars Magna, 2004.
  • Le nazisme et l'Islam, Nantes, Ars Magna, 2004.
  • Mircea Eliade et la Garde de Fer, Paris, Avatar, 2005, 94 p.

Links