Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR)

The Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR) was an umbrella organization that combined various Ukrainian nationalists and anti-Soviet partisans until the early 1950s.

The council was formed in July 1944 by members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). Not all members of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council were simultaneously members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. At the same time there was formed a Foreign Representation of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council (ZP/UHVR):

"In July 1944, before the Soviets took Lwów, the UHVR sent a delegation of its senior officials to establish contact with the Vatican and Western governments. The delegation was known as the Foreign Representation of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council (ZP/UHVR). It included Father Ivan Hrinioch as president of the ZP/UHVR; Mykola Lebed as its Foreign Minister; and Yuri Lopatinski as the UPA delegate. [...] Until 1948, all three envoys were members of the OUN/B party and loyal to Bandera."1

After the end of the Second World War, the council co-ordinated resistance efforts in Soviet Ukraine. It also organised the boycott of the Soviet-sponsored elections in 1946. After the liquidation of Roman Shukhevych in 1950 by the Soviet authorities, most members of the council were arrested, and the council ceased to exist.

Members of UHVR abroad headed by Ivan Hrynokh formed External Representation group of the council (ZP UHVR), which popularised the efforts of the Ukrainian dissident movement in the West.

In the context of project AERODYNAMIC (1949-70) the CIA provided support for the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council ZP/UHVR, a Ukrainian émigré organization, which was established in 1949. ZP/UHVR operational activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR's publishing and research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, the so-called Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies (QRTERRACE, AETERRACE), published periodicals and selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine.